Biotechnolgy in Agricultural
Application of Biotechnology
Marker assisted selection e.g. disease resistant crop and selected animal breeds.
Tissue culture, a tool to grow or maintain disease free planting material under sterile conditions using parts of plants.
Use of recombinant DNA technology to attain desirable gene expression.
Examples include genetically modified organisms and epigenome applications.
Use of agricultural biotechnology products as an alternative to chemical fertilisers, for example biofertiliser, biopesticides and biostimulants.
Biofortification- breeding of crops to increase plant nutritional value
Biopharming – mass production of genetically engineered plants or animals carrying medicinal biomolecules.
Concerns Addressed by the National Biosafety Framework
Risks of gene flow to related species especially those that have been established as weeds.
Unknown effects of GMOs to the environment and to human health.