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Biotechnolgy in Agriculture

Agricultural biotechnology involves the application of biotechnology techniques mainly to increase yield, infer disease resistance, drought tolerance, herbicide tolerance and increased nutritional value. Practice of biotechnology in agriculture has evolved over time from the traditional methods of crop improvements such as breeding and mutation to current techniques which involve tissue culture and marker assisted mutation.

APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

  1. Breeding
  2. Mutation
  3. Marker assisted mutation
  4. Tissue culture a tool for multiplying disease free plan material under sterile conditions using plant parts (explants) obtained from desirable variety
  5. Recombinant DNA technology/Genetic modification use of DNA technology to remove and combine sets of genes from the same of different unrelated organism sin a manner that is naturally impossible
  6. Biofertiliser- formations of efficient microorganism to promote plant growth by availing primary nutrients required by the plant
  7. Biopesticides- naturally occurring chemical pesticides that control pests by non-toxic mechanisms unlike the conventional synthetic pesticides
  8. Biofortification- breeding of crops with increased nutritional value through conventional selective breeding or genetic engineering

CONCERNS ADDRESSED BY THE NATIONAL BIOSAFETY FRAMEWORK

  1. Risks of gene flow to related species especially those that have been established as weeds
  2. Unknown effects of GMOs to the environment and to human health
  3. Terminator seeds

Enquire

Recent Event

Safeguarding Progress in Biotechnology:  Profiling Ms Annah Runesu Takombwa.

http://www.nepadsanbio.org/articles/safeguarding-progress-biotechnology-profiling-ms-annah-runesu-takombwa-486.html

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The National Biotechnology Authority (NBA) participated at the Harare Agricultural Show (H.A.S) and RIO-SET 2016 edition.

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Bioinformatics research set to improve use of computers. 

http://www.chronicle.co.zw/bioinformatics-research-set-to-improve-use-of-computers/

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